Can Your Skin Type Change And Why?
It is true that over the years many things in our lives change but you may never think that your skin type is one of them. Many people wonder if their skin type can change from dry to oily or after pregnancy, so let´s see if our skin type can change and what the reasons for this change are.
It is a fact that our skin type is genetically predetermined and its basic characteristics can be seen during puberty. Nevertheless, during lifetime the physiology and type of the skin can change since there are different factors both internal and external that affect it such as the environment, hormonal changes and even our way of lifestyle.
When talking about skin changes, we do not mean the small changes that can happen due to the change of seasons like oily skin becoming more oily or dry skin suffering more during winter but we mean essential changes of our skin type that slowly take place and then become more visible, resulting to the need of following a different skin care routine according to the new needs of our skin.
There are different skin types that can change. For example, an oily skin can turn into dry or a normal skin type can turn into an oily prone to acne breakouts skin. So, let´s see the reasons for the change of a skin type into another.
Once we enter puberty, hormones is the main suspect for all the changes we see in our skin. Typical symptoms of the overproduction of the so called male hormones during puberty is the overproduction of sebum that leads to intense oiliness and the blocking of the skin pores which causes acne.
Also, during pregnancy the hyperactivity of the sebaceous glands due to hormonal changes is the reason for the sudden appearance of acne even for women that had never had an acne problem before.
Another effect of hormonal changes during pregnancy is the appearance of dark spots on the face and specifically on the forehead, around the eyes, on the sides of the cheeks, around the nose and above the lips.
In addition, hyperpigmentation, melasma or otherwise pregnancy mask as it is called, which is brown or tan patches appearing on the face, come as a result of hormonal changes which in this case trigger melanin production.
During menopause, the production of female hormones, estrogens and progesterone stops and that leads to the thinning of the skin and change of texture. Due to the reduced production of lipids and other factors, the skin becomes dry.
Certain medical treatments can also lead to dry skin. In the case of dermatological treatments, it is said that the treatment with Isotretinoin for severe acne can trigger skin sensitization or dryness of an otherwise oily skin.
There are also other types of medicines like diuretics that are said to cause intense skin dryness.
Air pollution and the Sun is a really dangerous duo for our skin, affecting it appearance, texture and type. People who live in cities with air pollution are anyway forced to accept a daily cocktail of pollutants, dust and smog that goes into their skin pores, threatening its protective barrier and leading to skin dryness. That is why skin cleansing at night is so important to remove all these pollutants.
The combination of these two threats, environmental pollution and the sun, can seriously damage the defensive mechanisms of our skin, leading to dryness, skin dullness and eventually skin aging.
Stress negatively affects different aspects of our lives and our skin is no exception. Stress can be the reason for a normal skin turning into a hypersensitive one, an oily skin getting acne breakouts or a normal skin appearing dull, dry and lifeless.
During stressful times, the levels of cortisol in the blood, which is one of the two stress hormones, increase leading to the sebaceous glands´ stimulation, overproduction of sebum and the appearance of acne.
Then, the epidermal barrier of the skin also gets disrupted and our complexion becomes vulnerable to environmental risks. If you do not want this condition to develop into a chronic problem, it is necessary for you to protect your skin properly.
In conclusion, it is understood that our skin type can change as we are going through different periods of our life but it is up to us to find the best ways to deal with those changes and keep our skin at the best possible condition.